Carolyn Rose (CMU) “Who is the Bridge Between the What and the How”
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore, MD 21218
This talk reports on over a decade of research where theoretical foundations motivate computational models that produce real world impact in online spaces. Both the earliest philosophers of language and the most recent researchers in computational approaches to social media analysis have acknowledged the distinction between the what of language, namely its propositional content, and the how of language, or its form, style, or framing. What bridges between these realms are social processes that motivate the linguistic choices that result in specific realizations of propositional content situated within social interactions, designed to achieve social goals. These insights allow researchers to make sense of the connection between discussion processes and outcomes from those discussions. These findings motivate on the one hand design of computational approaches to real time monitoring of discussion processes and on the other hand the design of interventions that support interactions in online spaces with the goal of increasing desired outcomes, including learning, health, and wellbeing. As an example, in this talk we probe into a specific quality of discussion referred to as Transactivity. Transactivity is the extent to which a contribution articulates the reasoning of the speaker, that of an interlocutor, and the relation between them. In different contexts, and within very distinct theoretical frameworks, this construct has been associated with solidarity, influence, expertise transfer, and learning. Within the construct of Transactivity, the cognitive and social underpinnings are inextricably linked such that modeling the who enables prediction of the connection between the what and the how.
Dr. Carolyn Rosé is a Professor of Language Technologies and Human-Computer Interaction in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. Her research program is focused on better understanding the social and pragmatic nature of conversation, and using this understanding to build computational systems that can improve the efficacy of conversation between people, and between people and computers. In order to pursue these goals, she invokes approaches from computational discourse analysis and text mining, conversational agents, and computer supported collaborative learning. Her research group’s highly interdisciplinary work, published in over 200 peer reviewed publications, is represented in the top venues in 5 fields: namely, Language Technologies, Learning Sciences, Cognitive Science, Educational Technology, and Human-Computer Interaction, with awards in 3 of these fields. She serves as Past President and Inaugural Fellow of the International Society of the Learning Sciences, Senior member of IEEE, Founding Chair of the International Alliance to Advance Learning in the Digital Era, Executive Editor of the International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, and Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies.