One of the keys to success in machine learning applications is to improve each user’s personal experience via personalized models. A personalized model can be a more resource-efficient solution than a general-purpose model, too, because it focuses on a particular sub-problem, for which a smaller model architecture can be good enough. However, training a personalized model requires data from the particular test-time user, which are not always available due to their private nature and technical challenges. Furthermore, such data tend to be unlabeled as they can be collected only during the test time, once after the system is deployed to user devices. One could rely on the generalization power of a generic model, but such a model can be too computationally/spatially complex for real-time processing in a resource-constrained device. In this talk, I will present some techniques to circumvent the lack of labeled personal data in the context of speech enhancement. Our machine learning models will require zero or few data samples from the test-time users, while they can still achieve the personalization goal. To this end, we will investigate modularized speech enhancement models as well as the potential of self-supervised learning for personalized speech enhancement. Because our research achieves the personalization goal in a data- and resource-efficient way, it is a step towards a more available and affordable AI for society.
Minje Kim is an associate professor in the Dept. of Intelligent Systems Engineering at Indiana University, where he leads his research group, Signals and AI Group in Engineering (SAIGE). He is also an Amazon Visiting Academic, consulting for Amazon Lab126. At IU, he is affiliated with various programs and labs such as Data Science, Cognitive Science, Dept. of Statistics, and Center for Machine Learning. He earned his Ph.D. in the Dept. of Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Before joining UIUC, He worked as a researcher at ETRI, a national lab in Korea, from 2006 to 2011. Before then, he received his Master’s and Bachelor’s degrees in the Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering at POSTECH (Summa Cum Laude) and in the Division of Information and Computer Engineering at Ajou University (with honor) in 2006 and 2004, respectively. He is a recipient of various awards including NSF Career Award (2021), IU Trustees Teaching Award (2021), IEEE SPS Best Paper Award (2020), and Google and Starkey’s grants for outstanding student papers in ICASSP 2013 and 2014, respectively. He is an IEEE Senior Member and also a member of the IEEE Audio and Acoustic Signal Processing Technical Committee (2018-2023). He is serving as an Associate Editor for EURASIP Journal of Audio, Speech, and Music Processing, and as a Consulting Associate Editor for IEEE Open Journal of Signal Processing. He is also a reviewer, program committee member, or area chair for the major machine learning and signal processing. He filed more than 50 patent applications as an inventor.
Large language models (LLMs) have ushered in exciting capabilities in language understanding and text generation, with systems like ChatGPT holding fluent dialogs with users and being almost indistinguishable from humans. While this has obviously raised conversational systems and chatbots to a new level, it also presents exciting new opportunities for building artificial agents with improved decision making capabilities. Specifically, the ability to reason with language can allow us to build agents that can 1) execute complex action sequences to effect change in the world, 2) learn new skills by ‘reading’ in addition to ‘doing’, and 3) allow for easier personalization and control over their behavior. In this talk, I will demonstrate how we can build such language-enabled agents that exhibit the above traits across various use cases such as multi-hop question answering, web interaction, and robotic tool manipulation. In the end, I will also discuss some dangers of using these LLM-based systems and some challenges that lie ahead in ensuring their safe use.
Karthik Narasimhan is an assistant professor in the Computer Science department at Princeton University and a co-Director of the Princeton NLP group. His research spans the areas of natural language processing and reinforcement learning, with the goal of building intelligent agents that learn to operate in the world through both their own experience (”doing things”) and leveraging existing human knowledge (”reading about things”). Karthik received his PhD from MIT in 2017, and spent a year as a visiting research scientist at OpenAI contributing to the GPT language model, prior to joining Princeton in 2018. His research has been recognized by the NSF CAREER, a Google Research Scholar Award, an Amazon research award (2019), Bell Labs runner-up prize and outstanding paper awards at EMNLP (2015, 2016) and NeurIPS (2022).