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UID:ai1ec-22395@www.clsp.jhu.edu
DTSTAMP:20230129T125827Z
CATEGORIES;LANGUAGE=en-US:Seminars
CONTACT:
DESCRIPTION:Abstract\nRecursive calls over recursive data are widely useful
for generating probability distributions\, and probabilistic programming
allows computations over these distributions to be expressed in a modular
and intuitive way. Exact inference is also useful\, but unfortunately\, ex
isting probabilistic programming languages do not perform exact inference
on recursive calls over recursive data\, forcing programmers to code many
applications manually. We introduce a probabilistic language in which a wi
de variety of recursion can be expressed naturally\, and inference carried
out exactly. For instance\, probabilistic pushdown automata and their gen
eralizations are easy to express\, and polynomial-time parsing algorithms
for them are derived automatically. We eliminate recursive data types usin
g program transformations related to defunctionalization and refunctionali
zation. These transformations are assured correct by a linear type system\
, and a successful choice of transformations\, if there is one\, is guaran
teed to be found by a greedy algorithm. I will also describe the implement
ation of this language in two phases: first\, compilation to a factor grap
h grammar\, and second\, computing the sum-product of the factor graph gra
mmar.\n\nBiography\nDavid Chiang (PhD\, University of Pennsylvania\, 2004)
is an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engin
eering at the University of Notre Dame. His research is on computational m
odels for learning human languages\, particularly how to translate from on
e language to another. His work on applying formal grammars and machine le
arning to translation has been recognized with two best paper awards (at A
CL 2005 and NAACL HLT 2009). He has received research grants from DARPA\,
NSF\, Google\, and Amazon\, has served on the executive board of NAACL and
the editorial board of Computational Linguistics and JAIR\, and is curren
tly on the editorial board of Transactions of the ACL.
DTSTART;TZID=America/New_York:20221017T120000
DTEND;TZID=America/New_York:20221017T131500
LOCATION:Hackerman Hall B17 @ 3400 N. Charles Street\, Baltimore\, MD 21218
SEQUENCE:0
SUMMARY:David Chiang (University of Notre Dame) “Exact Recursive Probabilis
tic Programming with Colin McDonald\, Darcey Riley\, Kenneth Sible (Notre
Dame) and Chung-chieh Shan (Indiana)”
URL:https://www.clsp.jhu.edu/events/david-chiang-university-of-notre-dame/
X-COST-TYPE:free
X-ALT-DESC;FMTTYPE=text/html:\\n\\n\\n\\n\\n**Abstr
act**

\nRecursive calls over recursive data are w
idely useful for generating probability distributions\, and probabilistic
programming allows computations over these distributions to be expressed i
n a modular and intuitive way. Exact inference is also useful\, but unfort
unately\, existing probabilistic programming languages do not perform exac
t inference on recursive calls over recursive data\, forcing programmers t
o code many applications manually. We introduce a probabilistic language i
n which a wide variety of recursion can be expressed naturally\, and infer
ence carried out exactly. For instance\, probabilistic pushdown automata a
nd their generalizations are easy to express\, and polynomial-time parsing
algorithms for them are derived automatically. We eliminate recursive dat
a types using program transformations related to defunctionalization and r
efunctionalization. These transformations are assured correct by a linear
type system\, and a successful choice of transformations\, if there is one
\, is guaranteed to be found by a greedy algorithm. I will also describe t
he implementation of this language in two phases: first\, compilation to a
factor graph grammar\, and second\, computing the sum-product of the fact
or graph grammar.

\n\n**Bio
graphy**

\nDavid Chiang (PhD\,
University of Pennsylvania\, 2004) is an associate professor in the Depart
ment of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Notre Dame.
His research is on computational models for learning human languages\, par
ticularly how to translate from one language to another. His work on apply
ing formal grammars and machine learning to translation has been recognize
d with two best paper awards (at ACL 2005 and NAACL HLT 2009). He has rece
ived research grants from DARPA\, NSF\, Google\, and Amazon\, has served o
n the executive board of NAACL and the editorial board of Computational Li
nguistics and JAIR\, and is currently on the editorial board of Transactio
ns of the ACL.

\n
X-TAGS;LANGUAGE=en-US:2022\,Chiang\,October
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